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Diabetes & Dementia: Managing Your Sugar May Sharpen Your Mind 28% Risk Reduction

Diabetes Management & Dementia

Multidisciplinary Diabetes Care: A Possible Defence Against Alzheimer’s Disease?
It has long been known that dementia and diabetes are related, which has led to worries about the higher risk of cognitive deterioration in those with diabetes. A recent study, however, provides a glimmer of optimism by indicating that multidisciplinary diabetes therapy may be able to dramatically lower this risk. Let’s investigate this fascinating study in more detail and consider its consequences.

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The Study: Positive Hong Kong Results

Diabetes Management & Dementia


Over 55,000 individuals with type 2 diabetes in Hong Kong were included in the study, which was published in JAMA Network Open. The study looked at the effect of multidisciplinary diabetes management on dementia risk. Two groups were formed out of these participants:

  • Multidisciplinary management group: A team of medical specialists provided all-encompassing care that addressed several facets of diabetes control, such as food, exercise, medication, and lifestyle modifications.
  • Usual care group: Their regular doctors provided them with standard diabetic care.
  • The outcomes were encouraging: Compared to the group receiving normal treatment, those taking part in the multidisciplinary programme had a 28% lower risk of acquiring dementia with no apparent reason. With a 39% lower risk of vascular dementia and a 29% lower chance of other or unspecified dementia, this reduction was much more substantial for particular dementia subtypes.

Not only that, but the study also discovered a link between a lower risk of dementia and optimal glycemic control as shown by HbA1c levels. This implies that controlling blood sugar levels well may be essential for neuroprotection.

Possible Mechanisms: Exposing the Connection

Diabetes Management & Dementia


Though more research is necessary to determine the precise mechanisms underlying these findings, the following explanations have been put forth:

  • Chronic inflammation: is an established risk factor for dementia development and can be brought on by poorly managed diabetes. The use of multidisciplinary management may aid to safeguard brain health by reducing inflammation.
  • Damage to blood vessels: Diabetes can harm blood vessels in the body as a whole, including those that supply the brain. It’s possible that the holistic care strategy enhances vascular health and improves blood flow to the brain.
  • Resistance to insulin: Diabetic dementia and impaired insulin signalling are related conditions. Lifestyle modifications that increase insulin sensitivity are frequently a part of multidisciplinary programmes, which may have neuroprotective effects.

A hopeful route, but more work is required

Diabetes Management & Dementia


It’s important to keep in mind that this is only one study and that additional research is required to validate these results and determine how broadly applicable they are. Further research ought to look into:

Diabetes Management & Dementia

The efficacy of multidisciplinary programmes for various dementia forms and in a variety of groups.
determining which particular programme elements are most effective in lowering the risk of dementia.
understanding the relationship between blood sugar regulation and the onset of dementia.
It’s also necessary to assess whether expanding the scope of these programmes is feasible and cost-effective.

Beyond This Research: Encouraging Initiative

Diabetes Management & Dementia


People with diabetes can actively manage their disease to promote brain health as they wait for more research. Among the crucial actions are:

  • Collaborating closely with a medical team: Together with your physician, dietician, and other experts, develop a customised management strategy.
  • Keeping blood sugar levels under control: Setting goals for regular exercise, a healthy diet, and medication compliance will help you maintain target blood sugar levels.
  • Choosing a healthy: lifestyle that includes regular exercise, getting enough sleep, stress management, and quitting smoking will help you feel better overall.


In summary: A Sliver of Hope but Action Is Still Needed

Diabetes Management & Dementia


Although the association between diabetes and dementia is still a source of concern, this study provides a promising indication of how multidisciplinary therapy may be able to reduce the risk. Although more study is necessary, people can improve their brain health by controlling their diabetes proactively and adopting good lifestyle practices. Never forget that seeking individualised advice and assistance from your healthcare team is essential as you progress towards achieving optimal health.

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