HIV/AIDS and Influenza (Flu)

HIV/AIDS and the Future: A Preliminary Understanding of Influenza (Flu) Before Looking Ahead

It’s crucial to take into account other infectious diseases that may affect people living with HIV (PLWH) as we investigate the future of HIV/AIDS. Influenza, also referred to as the flu, is a respiratory infection that is extremely contagious and is caused by influenza viruses. Influenza is usually not fatal for healthy people, but for those with weakened immune systems, such as PLWH, it can be a major health danger. It is important to comprehend this respiratory disease when we talk about upcoming developments in HIV/AIDS treatment.

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HIV/AIDS and the Future: Why Flu Prevention Matters for PLWH 2

Describe influenza, or flu.

HIV/AIDS and Influenza (Flu)
Rapidly changing RNA viruses are the primary cause of influenza, mostly affecting the respiratory tract, which includes the nose, throat, and lungs. Humans are susceptible to influenza viruses of three main types: A, B, and C.

  • kind A: The most catastrophic pandemics and epidemics are caused by this kind.
  • Type B: Though it results in less severe sickness, this type plays a major role in seasonal flu outbreaks.
  • Type C: This kind is least likely to start epidemics and causes the mildest sickness.

How Is the Influenza Spread?

HIV/AIDS and Influenza (Flu)
Respiratory droplets released when an infected person coughs, sneezes, or speaks can easily transmit the influenza virus. These particles have the potential to settle on surfaces where the virus can briefly survive or to be directly inhaled by other people. By contacting these contaminated surfaces and then touching their mouth, nose, or eyes, people might contract the infection.

Influenza Symptoms

HIV/AIDS and Influenza (Flu)
Although the intensity of flu symptoms can vary, some typical symptoms include:

  • Fever or chills or feeling feverish
  • Cough, frequently without water
  • a sore throat
  • stuffy or runny nose
  • Both body and muscle aches
  • Headache
  • Exhaustion (weariness)
  • Additionally, some people may have diarrhoea and vomiting.

Complications with the Flu

HIV/AIDS and Influenza (Flu)
Serious complications from influenza can arise, particularly in infants, elderly individuals, expectant mothers, and those with long-term medical disorders, such as HIV/AIDS. These issues may manifest as:

  • Pneumonia, or lung inflammation
  • Airway inflammation, or bronchitis
  • infections of the sinuses
  • Infections of the ears
  • deterioration of long-term medical diseases such diabetes, asthma, or congestive heart failure
  • Influenza can occasionally result in death.

Why Do PLWH People Get More Severe Influenza?

HIV/AIDS and Influenza (Flu)
Due to HIV’s attack on CD4 cells, which are essential for battling infections, people living with the virus have weakened immune systems. They are therefore more vulnerable to influenza infections and have a higher chance of serious side effects. Furthermore, influenza may exacerbate immune system deterioration, making it more difficult for PLWH to manage HIV.

The Key to Flu Prevention

HIV/AIDS and Influenza (Flu)
Vaccination is the best defence against influenza and its consequences. It is strongly advised that everyone have an annual influenza vaccination, but particularly PLWH, healthcare professionals, expectant mothers, and elderly persons.

Therapy for Influenza

HIV/AIDS and Influenza (Flu)
There are antiviral drugs that can help reduce the length and intensity of influenza symptoms. But the best results from these drugs come from taking them no later than 48 hours after the onset of symptoms.

In summary

HIV/AIDS and Influenza (Flu)
In order to reduce the chance of influenza complications, it is imperative that PLWH receive timely care and receive vaccinations against the virus. In order to ensure the well-being of people living with HIV/AIDS, it is crucial to comprehend co-infections like influenza while we investigate the future of HIV/AIDS therapy, including the possibility of a vaccine or perhaps a functional cure. We’ll go into more detail on the fascinating developments in HIV/AIDS research and the possibility of a genuinely bright future in later blog entries.